1 Canterbury Museum, Rolleston Av, Christchurch 8013
The cosmopolitan mite genus Androlaelaps Berlese, 1903 (ca 86 spp) has been given a central position in hypotheses of the evolution of vertebrate parasitism within the family Laelapidae (1320 spp). This genus of parasites, predators and hemiparasites occurs on small mammals and birds and has been hypothesised to "represent the ancestry” for nearly all the vertebrate parasites in the Laelapidae. Apart from translation into testable phylogenetic concepts, this hypothesis also requires defining what Androlaelaps actually is. The concepts of Androlaelaps used since Berlese (1911) are shown to be polyphyletic. Three wholly separate groupings in former Androlaelaps are diagnosed and described incorporating key morphological features such as male mouthparts. This example shows convergence can be detected even in regressed characters and provides fresh insights into the evolution of parasitism.